What is Urban Garden Edible Landscaping?

Urban garden edible landscaping is a practice that involves designing and cultivating gardens in urban areas with the purpose of growing edible plants. It is a sustainable and eco-friendly approach to gardening that not only beautifies urban spaces but also provides a source of fresh and healthy food for the community.

The Benefits of Urban Garden Edible Landscaping

There are numerous benefits to implementing urban garden edible landscaping in urban areas. Firstly, it helps to improve the overall aesthetics of the city by transforming empty spaces into vibrant and lush gardens. This not only enhances the visual appeal of the area but also creates a sense of community pride and ownership.

Secondly, urban garden edible landscaping promotes sustainability by reducing the carbon footprint associated with food production and transportation. By growing food locally, the need for long-distance transportation is minimized, resulting in lower greenhouse gas emissions and a smaller impact on the environment.

Furthermore, urban garden edible landscaping contributes to food security by providing a local and reliable source of fresh produce. In many urban areas, access to fresh and healthy food is limited, especially in low-income neighborhoods known as food deserts. By growing food within the city, these communities can have access to nutritious food options and improve their overall health and well-being.

How to Start an Urban Garden Edible Landscaping Project

Starting an urban garden edible landscaping project requires careful planning and consideration. Here are some steps to get you started:

1. Assess the available space: Determine the size and condition of the area where you plan to create your urban garden. Consider factors such as sunlight exposure, soil quality, and access to water.

2. Design your garden: Create a layout for your garden, taking into account the types of edible plants you want to grow, as well as any additional features such as pathways, seating areas, or vertical gardens.

3. Prepare the soil: Ensure that the soil is healthy and fertile by adding organic matter such as compost or manure. This will provide essential nutrients for your plants and promote their growth.

4. Choose your plants: Select a variety of edible plants that are suitable for your climate and growing conditions. Consider factors such as the amount of sunlight, water, and space required by each plant.

5. Plant and maintain your garden: Follow the recommended planting guidelines for each type of plant and provide regular care such as watering, fertilizing, and pest control. Regular maintenance is crucial to ensure the success of your urban garden.

Examples of Urban Garden Edible Landscaping

There are various ways to incorporate urban garden edible landscaping into urban areas. Here are some examples:

1. Rooftop gardens: Utilize the available rooftop space in buildings to create gardens that grow a variety of edible plants. This not only maximizes the use of space but also helps to insulate the building and reduce energy consumption.

2. Community gardens: Establish communal gardens where residents can come together to grow their own food. These gardens promote social interaction and provide a sense of community among participants.

3. Vertical gardens: Use vertical structures such as walls or trellises to grow edible plants. Vertical gardens are ideal for small spaces and can be visually appealing, adding a touch of greenery to urban environments.

4. Window boxes and balcony gardens: Even in limited spaces, it is possible to create small gardens by utilizing window boxes or balcony spaces. These gardens can grow herbs, vegetables, or even small fruit trees.


Urban garden edible landscaping is a powerful and sustainable approach to gardening in urban areas. It offers numerous benefits, including improved aesthetics, reduced carbon footprint, and increased food security. By following the steps outlined above and exploring different examples of urban garden edible landscaping, individuals and communities can create beautiful and productive gardens that contribute to a greener and healthier urban environment.