Mole traps are devices used to catch and eliminate moles, which are small mammals that can cause significant damage to lawns, gardens, and agricultural fields. These traps are designed to be effective and humane, providing a solution to the problem of mole infestations. In this glossary, we will explore what mole traps are, how they work, and the different types available in the market.

What are moles?

Moles are small mammals that belong to the Talpidae family. They are known for their cylindrical bodies, velvety fur, and strong forelimbs that are adapted for digging. Moles are primarily insectivores, feeding on earthworms, grubs, and other small invertebrates found in the soil. While they play a crucial role in aerating the soil and controlling pest populations, their burrowing activities can be destructive to lawns and gardens.

Why are mole traps necessary?

Mole traps are necessary because moles can cause extensive damage to lawns and gardens. Their burrowing activities create unsightly molehills and tunnels, which can ruin the aesthetic appeal of a landscape. Additionally, moles can uproot plants and damage the root systems, leading to the death of vegetation. Mole traps provide an effective solution to control mole populations and prevent further damage.

How do mole traps work?

Mole traps work by capturing moles as they move through their tunnels. These traps are strategically placed in active mole runways, which are identified by the presence of molehills and surface tunnels. When a mole passes through the trap, it triggers a mechanism that closes the trap, effectively trapping the mole inside. The trapped mole can then be safely removed from the area.

Types of mole traps

There are several types of mole traps available in the market, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Some common types include:

  • Tunnel traps: These traps are placed directly in the mole runways and are triggered when a mole passes through them.
  • Scissor traps: These traps have scissor-like jaws that close when a mole triggers the mechanism.
  • Choker traps: These traps have a loop that tightens around the mole’s neck when it enters the trap.
  • Spring traps: These traps use a spring mechanism to capture moles when they step on a pressure plate.

Choosing the right mole trap

When choosing a mole trap, it is important to consider factors such as the severity of the mole infestation, the type of soil, and personal preferences. Tunnel traps are effective for moderate mole populations, while scissor traps are suitable for heavy infestations. Choker traps are ideal for sandy soils, while spring traps work well in clay or loamy soils. It is recommended to consult with a professional or experienced gardener to determine the most appropriate trap for your specific situation.

Setting up mole traps

Proper placement and setup of mole traps are crucial for their effectiveness. It is important to locate active mole runways by observing the presence of fresh molehills and tunnels. Once identified, the trap should be placed in the runway, ensuring that it is securely anchored to prevent the mole from dragging it away. It is also important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for setting up and activating the trap.

Maintaining and monitoring mole traps

Regular maintenance and monitoring of mole traps are essential to ensure their continued effectiveness. Traps should be checked frequently to see if any moles have been caught. If a mole is trapped, it should be safely removed from the trap and disposed of according to local regulations. Traps should also be cleaned and reset as needed to maximize their trapping potential.

Preventing mole infestations

While mole traps are effective for controlling existing mole populations, it is also important to take preventive measures to minimize the risk of future infestations. Some preventive strategies include:

  • Removing potential food sources, such as grubs and insects, from the soil.
  • Keeping the lawn well-maintained and regularly aerated to discourage mole activity.
  • Installing physical barriers, such as underground fences, to prevent moles from entering the area.
  • Using natural repellents, such as castor oil, to deter moles from the property.


In conclusion, mole traps are effective tools for controlling mole infestations and preventing damage to lawns and gardens. By understanding how mole traps work and choosing the right type for your specific situation, you can effectively eliminate moles and maintain a beautiful and healthy outdoor space. Remember to follow proper setup, maintenance, and monitoring procedures to ensure the continued effectiveness of mole traps.