What is Fine Fescue?

Fine Fescue is a type of grass that belongs to the genus Festuca, which is part of the Poaceae family. It is known for its fine texture and ability to thrive in cool-season climates. Fine Fescue is commonly used in lawns, golf courses, and other landscaping projects due to its attractive appearance and low maintenance requirements.

Types of Fine Fescue

There are several different types of Fine Fescue, each with its own unique characteristics and growing conditions. These include:

1. Creeping Red Fescue

Creeping Red Fescue, also known as Festuca rubra, is a popular choice for shady areas and low-maintenance lawns. It has a creeping growth habit, which allows it to spread and fill in bare spots. Creeping Red Fescue is known for its tolerance to drought and its ability to withstand heavy foot traffic.

2. Chewings Fescue

Chewings Fescue, or Festuca rubra commutata, is another common type of Fine Fescue. It is known for its fine texture and dense growth, making it an excellent choice for creating a lush, green lawn. Chewings Fescue is also highly resistant to disease and can tolerate a wide range of soil conditions.

3. Hard Fescue

Hard Fescue, scientifically known as Festuca longifolia, is a fine-textured grass that is well-suited for areas with poor soil quality. It has a deep root system, which allows it to access nutrients and water from deeper soil layers. Hard Fescue is also highly tolerant to drought and can survive in low-fertility environments.

4. Sheep Fescue

Sheep Fescue, or Festuca ovina, is a cool-season grass that is commonly used for erosion control and reclamation projects. It has a bunching growth habit, forming dense tufts of grass. Sheep Fescue is known for its ability to grow in dry, sandy soils and its resistance to disease and pests.

Benefits of Fine Fescue

Fine Fescue offers several benefits that make it a popular choice for landscaping projects:

1. Low Maintenance

One of the main advantages of Fine Fescue is its low maintenance requirements. It has a slow growth rate, which means less mowing and less frequent watering compared to other grass varieties. Fine Fescue also has good shade tolerance, making it suitable for areas with limited sunlight.

2. Drought Tolerance

Fine Fescue is known for its ability to withstand drought conditions. Its deep root system allows it to access water from deeper soil layers, making it more resistant to dry spells. This makes Fine Fescue a suitable choice for regions with limited water availability or for homeowners looking to conserve water.

3. Disease Resistance

Many types of Fine Fescue, such as Chewings Fescue and Hard Fescue, have excellent disease resistance. They are less susceptible to common lawn diseases, such as brown patch and dollar spot, compared to other grass varieties. This can save homeowners time and money on disease control measures.

4. Environmental Benefits

Fine Fescue is considered an environmentally friendly grass option. Its low maintenance requirements mean less use of water, fertilizer, and pesticides, reducing the environmental impact. Additionally, Fine Fescue’s deep root system helps prevent soil erosion and improves soil health.

Planting and Maintenance Tips

When planting Fine Fescue, it is important to prepare the soil properly. Fine Fescue prefers well-draining soil with a slightly acidic pH. It is recommended to remove any existing vegetation, loosen the soil, and add organic matter before seeding or laying sod.

Proper watering is essential during the establishment phase. Fine Fescue should be watered deeply but infrequently to encourage deep root growth. Once established, it requires less frequent watering, as it is more drought-tolerant compared to other grass varieties.

Fertilization should be done sparingly with a slow-release nitrogen fertilizer. Fine Fescue does not require heavy fertilization and excessive nitrogen can lead to thatch buildup. Regular mowing is also important to maintain the desired height and prevent the grass from becoming too tall and floppy.


As a specialist in Marketing and Creation of Internet Glossaries, I have provided a detailed overview of Fine Fescue. Fine Fescue is a versatile grass that offers numerous benefits, including low maintenance requirements, drought tolerance, disease resistance, and environmental advantages. By following proper planting and maintenance practices, homeowners and landscapers can enjoy the beauty and functionality of Fine Fescue in their outdoor spaces.