What is Erosion Matting?

Erosion matting, also known as erosion control matting or erosion control blankets, is a type of geosynthetic material used to prevent soil erosion in various applications. It is typically made from natural or synthetic fibers and is designed to provide temporary or permanent protection to soil surfaces against the forces of wind, water, and gravity.

How Does Erosion Matting Work?

Erosion matting works by creating a physical barrier between the soil and the erosive forces. When installed correctly, it helps to stabilize the soil, reduce water runoff, and promote vegetation growth. The matting material is designed to allow water to infiltrate while preventing soil particles from being washed away. It also helps to distribute the forces of wind and water, minimizing their impact on the soil surface.

Types of Erosion Matting

There are several types of erosion matting available, each with its own unique characteristics and applications. Some common types include:

1. Straw Matting

Straw matting is one of the most commonly used erosion control blankets. It is made from straw fibers and is typically biodegradable. Straw matting provides temporary erosion control and is often used in reseeding projects or on slopes with low to moderate erosion potential.

2. Coconut Matting

Coconut matting, also known as coir matting, is made from coconut fibers. It is a natural and biodegradable option that provides excellent erosion control. Coconut matting is often used in environmentally sensitive areas or where vegetation establishment is a priority.

3. Synthetic Matting

Synthetic matting is made from synthetic materials such as polypropylene or polyethylene. It is typically more durable and longer-lasting than natural fiber matting. Synthetic matting is often used in high-erosion areas or where long-term erosion control is required.

4. Biodegradable Matting

Biodegradable matting is designed to break down over time, leaving behind a layer of organic matter that helps improve soil fertility. It is often used in restoration projects or areas where vegetation establishment is desired.

Applications of Erosion Matting

Erosion matting is used in a wide range of applications to prevent soil erosion and promote vegetation growth. Some common applications include:

1. Construction Sites

Erosion matting is often used on construction sites to protect exposed soil from erosion during and after construction activities. It helps to stabilize the soil and prevent sediment runoff into nearby water bodies.

2. Slopes and Embankments

Erosion matting is commonly used on slopes and embankments to prevent soil erosion caused by rainfall or runoff. It helps to stabilize the soil and promote vegetation establishment, reducing the risk of landslides and slope failures.

3. Riverbanks and Shorelines

Erosion matting is used along riverbanks and shorelines to protect against erosion caused by water currents and wave action. It helps to stabilize the soil and prevent the loss of valuable land.

4. Landscaping and Gardens

Erosion matting is often used in landscaping and garden projects to prevent soil erosion and promote the growth of plants and grass. It helps to retain moisture in the soil and protect against the impact of heavy rain or irrigation.

Benefits of Erosion Matting

Erosion matting offers several benefits in erosion control and soil stabilization:

1. Prevents Soil Erosion

Erosion matting creates a physical barrier that prevents soil particles from being washed away by wind or water, reducing the risk of erosion.

2. Promotes Vegetation Growth

The matting material helps to retain moisture in the soil and provides a favorable environment for vegetation establishment and growth.

3. Reduces Water Runoff

Erosion matting helps to distribute water evenly across the soil surface, reducing water runoff and preventing soil erosion.

4. Stabilizes Slopes and Embankments

By providing a stable surface, erosion matting helps to prevent slope failures and landslides, ensuring the safety of infrastructure and property.


In conclusion, erosion matting is a powerful tool in preventing soil erosion and promoting vegetation growth. With its various types and applications, it offers effective and sustainable solutions for erosion control in different environments. Whether it’s a construction site, a slope, a riverbank, or a garden, erosion matting can provide the necessary protection and stability to ensure the long-term integrity of the soil.