What is Drip Tubing?

Drip tubing, also known as drip line or drip hose, is a type of irrigation system that delivers water directly to the roots of plants. It is a flexible tube made of polyethylene or PVC material, with evenly spaced emitters or drippers along its length. These emitters release water slowly and steadily, allowing it to seep into the soil and reach the plant’s root zone.

How does Drip Tubing work?

Drip tubing works by using pressure to force water through the emitters or drippers, which then release the water in a controlled manner. The emitters can be spaced at regular intervals, such as every 12 inches, or they can be placed strategically to target specific plants or areas. The water flows through the tubing and exits through the emitters, creating a drip or trickle effect.

Benefits of using Drip Tubing

There are several benefits to using drip tubing for irrigation:

1. Water Efficiency: Drip tubing is highly efficient in delivering water directly to the plant’s root zone, minimizing evaporation and water loss. This targeted approach ensures that the plants receive the necessary moisture without wasting water.

2. Reduced Weed Growth: Since the water is delivered directly to the plants, there is less moisture available for weed growth. This helps to reduce the competition for water and nutrients, resulting in healthier plants.

3. Prevention of Soil Erosion: Drip tubing delivers water at a slow and steady rate, allowing it to penetrate the soil gradually. This helps to prevent soil erosion, as the water is absorbed by the soil instead of running off the surface.

4. Customizable and Flexible: Drip tubing can be easily customized to fit the specific needs of different plants or areas. It can be cut to the desired length and fitted with different types of emitters to control the flow rate. Additionally, it can be easily moved or adjusted as needed.

5. Reduced Disease and Pest Problems: By delivering water directly to the roots, drip tubing helps to keep the foliage dry, reducing the risk of fungal diseases. It also minimizes the spread of pests, as the water is not sprayed over a wide area.

Installation and Maintenance of Drip Tubing

Installing and maintaining drip tubing requires some basic steps:

1. Planning: Before installing drip tubing, it is important to plan the layout and determine the water source. Consider the water pressure, flow rate, and the specific needs of the plants or areas to be irrigated.

2. Preparation: Prepare the soil by removing any weeds or debris. Ensure that the soil is well-drained and free from obstructions that could block the emitters.

3. Lay the Tubing: Lay the drip tubing along the desired path, making sure to secure it with stakes or clips to prevent movement. Connect the tubing to the water source using a pressure regulator and filter to ensure a consistent flow.

4. Install Emitters: Install the emitters or drippers at the desired intervals or locations. This can be done by punching holes in the tubing and inserting the emitters, or by using pre-installed emitters.

5. Test and Adjust: Once the installation is complete, test the system to ensure proper functioning. Check for any leaks or clogs and adjust the flow rate if necessary.

6. Maintenance: Regularly inspect the drip tubing for any damage or blockages. Clean the emitters and replace any worn-out parts. Adjust the system as needed to accommodate the growth of plants or changes in water requirements.


In conclusion, drip tubing is a highly efficient and customizable irrigation system that delivers water directly to the roots of plants. It offers numerous benefits, including water efficiency, reduced weed growth, prevention of soil erosion, and reduced disease and pest problems. By following the proper installation and maintenance steps, drip tubing can be a valuable tool in promoting healthy plant growth and conserving water resources.